We’ve found the following wild and feral edible plants in the East Bay urban ecosystem. “Spp.” after a genus name means we found more than one species. Species in bold font are particularly abundant.

Species with edible parts are highlighted in green.

Not all parts of nominally “edible” plants are edible: Parts of some edible plants are toxic.

Edible parts of some nominally “edible” plants require special preparation to be edible. For instance, coast live oak acorns (Quercus agrifolia), California bay laurel nuts (Umbellularia californica), California buckeye nuts (Aesculus californica), bamboo shoots (Bambusa spp., Chimonobambusa spp., Phyllostachys spp.), and pokeweed (Phytolacca americana) range from inedible to toxic unless they are prepared properly. Edible parts of some “edible” plants are edible only at particular stages of their development.

Do not rely on the “common name” to identify a plant: There are different plants with the same common name, some of which are edible and some of which are toxic. For instance, in some parts of the country, Queen Anne’s Lace refers to an edible wild carrot Daucus carota, and in others it refers to poison hemlock, Conium maculatum. Mistakes can be fatal.

Do not consume any part of any plant listed here unless you are quite sure you know what you are doing, even if you are certain that you identified the species correctly.

  1. Achillea millefolium in Asteraceae, yarrow
  2. Aesculus californica in Sapindaceae, California buckeye, California horse-chestnut
  3. Agoseris grandiflora in Asteraceae, large-flower native dandelion
  4. Agoseris apargioides in Asteraceae, seaside dandelion
  5. Allium spp. in Amaryllidaceae, wild onion
  6. Allium cernuum in Amaryllidaceae, nodding onion
  7. Allium lacunosum in Amaryllidaceae, pitted onion
  8. Arbutus unedo in Ericaeae, strawberry Tree
  9. Artemisia californica in Asteraceae, California sagebrush
  10. Artemisia douglasiana in Asteraceae, California mugwort, Douglas’s sagewort
  11. Artemisia dracunculus in Asteraceae, tarragon
  12. Artemisia vulgaris in Asteraceae, mugwort
  13. Athyrium filix-femina in Dryopteridaceae, western lady fern
  14. Bambusa spp. in Bambusoideae, bamboo
  15. Bellis perennis in Asteracea, English daisy, lawn daisy
  16. Borago officinalis in Boraginaceae, borage
  17. Bougainvillea spp. in Nyctaginaceae, bougainvillea
  18. Brassica rapa in Brassicaceae, field mustard
  19. Brassica nigra in Brassicaceae, field mustard
  20. Brassica oleracea in Brassicaceae, wild cabbage
  21. Cardamine californica in Brassicaceae, California milkmaids, California toothwort, bitter cress
  22. Cardamine hirsuta in Brassicaceae, hairy bittercress
  23. Carduus pycnocephalus in Asteracea, Italian thistle
  24. Castilleja spp. in Orobanchaceae, Indian paintbrush (flowers only; greens inedible)
  25. Cercis occidentalis in Fabaceae, western redbud
  26. Chenopodium album in Chenopodiaceae, lamb’s quarters, fat-hen
  27. Chlorogalum pomeridianum in Asparagaceae, wavy-leafed soap plant, California soaproot, Amole (leaves, root; requires cooking)
  28. Cichorium intybus in Asteraceae, chicory
  29. Cirsium vulgare in Asteracea, spear thistle, common thistle, bull thistle
  30. Citrus x sinensis in Rutaceae, orange
  31. Citrus x limon in Rutaceae, lemon
  32. Citrus x paradisi in Rutaceae, grapefruit
  33. Citrus spp. in Rutaceae, lime
  34. Claytonia perfoliata in Portulacaceae, miner’s lettuce
  35. Convolvulus arvensis in Colvolvulacea, field bindweed
  36. Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus in Asteraceae,globe artichoke
  37. Cyperus eragrostis in Cyperaceae, Gglden nutsedge, tall nutsedge
  38. Dichelostemma capitatum in Brodiaeoideae, blue dicks
  39. Equisetum arvense in Equisetacea, field horsetail
  40. Eriobotrya japonica in Rosaceae, loquat
  41. Erodium cicutarium in Geraniaceae, redstem filaree, common stork’s-bill, pinweed
  42. Eschscholzia californica in Papaveraceae, California poppy
  43. Foeniculum vulgare in Apiaceae, Fennel
  44. Fragaria spp. in Rosaceae, wild strawberries
  45. Galium aparine in Rubiaceae, cleavers, bedstraw
  46. Geranium molle in Geraniaceae, dove’s-foot geranium, dove’s-foot crane’s bill
  47. Geranium robertianum in Geraniaceae, herb-Robert, storksbill, geranium Robert
  48. Helminthotheca echioides in Asteracea, bristly ox tongue
  49. Heracleum maximum in Apiaceae, cow parsnip
  50. Hirschfeldia incana in Brassicacae, shortpod mustard, hoary mustard, Mediterranean mustard
  51. Hypochaeris radicata in Asteraceae, Cat’s ear
  52. Juglans regia in Juglandaceae, walnut
  53. Lactuca spp. in Asteraceae, lettuce family
  54. Lactuca canadensis in Asteraceae, wild lettuce
  55. Lactuca ludoviciana in Asteraceae, western wild lettuce
  56. Lactuca serriola in Asteraceae, prickly lettuce
  57. Lactuca virosa in Asteraceae, wild lettuce, bitter lettuce, opium lettuce
  58. Lapsana communis in Asteraceae, nipplewort
  59. Lathyrus latifolius in Fabaceae, perennial pea
  60. Lavandula angustifolia in Lamiaceae, lavender
  61. Maianthemum racemosum in Ruscacea, false lily of the valley, false Solomon’s seal
  62. Malus domestica in Rosaceae, apple
  63. Malva neglecta in Malvaceae, mallow
  64. Malva sylvestris in Malvaceae, mallow
  65. Marrubium vulgare in Lamiaceae, horehound
  66. Matricaria discoidea in Asteraceae, chamomile, pineapple weed
  67. Matricaria recutita in Asteraceae, chamomile
  68. Medicago polymorpha in Faboideae, burr clover
  69. Melissa officinalis in Lamiaceae, lemon balm
  70. Melitotus alba in Fabaceae, sweet clover
  71. Mentha x piperita in Lamiaceae, peppermint
  72. Mentha spicata in Lamiaceae, spearmint
  73. Monardella villosa in Lamiaceae, coyote mint
  74. Myosotis latifolia in Boraginaceae, broad-leaved forget-me-not
  75. Nepeta cataria in Lamiaceae, catnip
  76. Opuntia spp. in Cactaceae, Nopale, prickly pear cactus
  77. Origanum vulgare in Lamiaceae, oregana
  78. Osmorhiza berteroi in Apiaceae, sweet Cicely
  79. Oxalis articulata in Oxalidaceae, wood sorrel
  80. Oxalis californica in Oxalidaceae, wood sorrel
  81. Oxalis oregano in Oxalidaceae, redwood sorrel
  82. Oxalis pes-caprae in Oxalidaceae, sourgrass, wood sorrel, Bermuda buttercup
  83. Parietaria judaica in Urticaceae, pellitory of the wall, spreading pellitory
  84. Phyla nodiflora var. nodiflora in Verbenaceae, lemon verbena
  85. Passiflora edulis in Passifloraceae, passion fruit
  86. Plantago lanceolata in Plantaginaceae, plantago or plantain
  87. Plantago major in Plantaginaceae, plantago or plantain
  88. Portulaca oleracea in Portulacaceae, purslane or pigweed
  89. Prunus domestica in Rosaceae, plum
  90. Prunus persica in Rosaceae, peach
  91. Prunus armeniaca in Rosaceae, apricot
  92. Prunus avium in Rosaceae, cherry
  93. Pyrus communis in Rosaceae, European pear
  94. Quercus agrifolia in Fagaceae, coast live oak
  95. Raphanus raphanistrum in Brassicaceae, wild radish or jointed charlock
  96. Raphanus sativum in Brassicaceae, wild radish or jointed charlock
  97. Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum, Brassicaceae, watercress
  98. Rosmarinus officinalis in Lamiaceae, rosemary
  99. Ribes californicum in Saxifragaceae, gooseberry
  100. Rubus armeniacus in Rosaceae, blackberries
  101. Rumex acetosella in Polygonaceae, Sheep sorrel
  102. Rumex crispus in Polygonaceae, curly dock
  103. Rumex obtusifolius in Polygonaceae, broad-leafed dock
  104. Salicornia virginica in Chenapodiaceae, pickelweed, sea beans
  105. Salvia leucophylla in Lamiaceae, purple sage
  106. Salvia mellifera in Lamiaceae, black sage
  107. Sambucus melanocarpa in Adoxaceae, black elderberry
  108. Sambucus callicarpa in Adoxaceae, red elderberry
  109. Satureja montana in Lamiaceae, winter savory
  110. Sidalcea malvaeflora in Malvaceae, common checkerbloom
  111. Silybum marianum in Asteracea, milk thistle
  112. Sinapis arvensis in Brassicaceae, wild mustard
  113. Sisymbrium officinale in Brassicaceae, hedge mustard
  114. Solanum aviculare in Solanaceae, kangaroo apple, New Zealand nightshade
  115. Solanum nigrum in Solanaceae, black nightshade
  116. Sonchus asper in Asteraceae, sow thistle, spiny sow thistle, prickly sow thistle
  117. Sonchus oleraceus in Asteraceae, sow thistle, common sow thistle
  118. Stellaria media in Caryophyllaceae, chickweed
  119. Syzygium paniculatum in Myrtaceae, magenta cherry, magenta lilly pilly
  120. Taraxacum officinale in Asteraceae, dandelion
  121. Teucrium chamaedrys in Lamiaceae, wall germander
  122. Thymus vulgaris in Lamiaceae, thyme
  123. Trifolium repens in Fabaceae, clover, white clover
  124. Trillium chloropetalum in Melanthiaceae, giant trillium
  125. Triteleia laxa in Asparagaceae, Ithuriel’s spear
  126. Tropaeolum majus in Tropaeolaceae, nasturtium
  127. Umbellularia californica in Lauraceae, California Bay Laurel
  128. Urtica dioica in Urticaceae, nettles
  129. Vaccinium ovatum in Ericaceae, huckleberry
  130. Vicia americana in Faboideae, purple vetch
  131. Vicia sativa in Faboideae, common vetch
  132. Vicia villosa in Faboideae, winter vetch, hairy vetch
  133. Wisteria floribunda in Fabacea, Japanese wisteria
  134. Wisteria sinensis in Fabacea, Chinese wisteria